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Triumphant Conservation: Boost in Bison Population at Tripura’s Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary

Rise In Bison Population In Tripura’s Trishna Sanctuary – The Hills Times

In a significant environmental success story emanating from Tripura’s Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary, concerted conservation efforts have led to a notable increase in the population of Bison, an endangered species cherished locally as ‘gaba’. This uplift in numbers marks a triumph of human endeavor to safeguard the diverse flora and fauna that call this sanctuary home.


Spanning across the lush landscapes of Tripura’s South district, the Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary has become a safe haven for these majestic creatures, thanks in part to comprehensive measures put in place by the Forest Department. Key among these initiatives is the installation of a robust fencing system along the sanctuary’s perimeter. This strategically placed barrier has been instrumental in curbing the movement of animals beyond the sanctuary bounds and deterring poachers from gaining access.

Additionally, these efforts have been bolstered by the sanctuary’s unique geographical positioning along the India-Bangladesh border. Historically, the porous nature of this boundary facilitated the migration of wildlife between the two countries, often putting the animals at risk from poachers. The erection of the barrier has significantly mitigated these cross-border threats, providing the bison and other inhabitants with a secure environment to thrive.

The sanctuary’s wildlife management strategy extends beyond mere fencing. It encompasses the revitalization of the core area which includes the development of designated grazing lands, enhanced by the introduction of a specially selected species of bamboo, known as Oxtenanthera Nigrocilliate or locally admired as Kaillai. This plant type is particularly favored by the bison for its nutritional value. Moreover, the strategic distribution of rock salt across these lands has further enriched the dietary resources available to the sanctuary’s bison population.

Infrastructure improvements have also played a role in this ecological success story. The construction of six watch towers and the installation of lightning conductors across the sanctuary have improved surveillance capabilities, drastically reducing the risk of poaching activities. The forest protection force’s increased vigilance and strength have reinforced the sanctuary’s defensive measures, ensuring the safety and well-being of the bison and other wildlife.

In the latest wildlife census, the sanctuary, which spans over 164 square kilometers, was reported to host 137 bison. Although the official figures for this year are pending publication, initial observations suggest that the population could well exceed 140 individuals. Notably, visitors to the sanctuary have reported sightings of bison calves grazing peacefully with their mothers, a heartwarming testament to the sanctuary’s thriving ecosystem.

Despite these positive developments, some challenges remain. A few areas of the sanctuary are yet to be secured with fencing, a loophole that recently led to a bison wandering off. Fortunately, the swift action of the forest officials ensured its safe return. Continuous efforts are being made to completely secure the sanctuary’s boundaries and maintain its integrity as a safe habitat for wildlife.

The Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary encompasses diverse habitats, including perennial water rivulets, vibrant water bodies, expansive grasslands, and untouched patches of virgin forests. This rich ecological tapestry not only supports the bison but also provides refuge to a variety of other species including different types of birds, deer, hollock gibbon, golden langur, capped langur, and reptiles such as king cobras.

This resurgence in the bison population at Trishna Sanctuary stands as a beacon of hope and a testament to the possibility of coexistence between humans and wildlife. Through dedication, strategic planning, and continuous conservation efforts, the sanctuary ensures the protection and prosperity of one of Tripura’s most cherished residents, the bison, paving the way for a brighter, more biodiverse future.

Ava Bloom

Ava Bloom is an eco-influencer and sustainability coach who has transformed her commitment to a zero-waste lifestyle into a catalyst for change. Through her engaging social media presence and hands-on workshops, Ava teaches the beauty and feasibility of sustainable living. Her journey is one of continuous learning and sharing, from eco-friendly home practices to advocating for sustainable fashion. Ava's articles are a treasure trove of tips, tricks, and motivational insights, empowering readers to make small changes that have a big impact on our planet.

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